Ksgnotes1 harvard edu research wpaper nsf rwp

In other words, criticise Israeli policy and you are by definition an anti-semite. Viewed objectively, its past and present conduct offers no moral basis for privileging it over the Palestinians. Israel is often portrayed as David confronted by Goliath, but the converse is closer to the truth. On 20 September, a group of prominent neo-conservatives and their allies published another open letter: ‘Even if evidence does not link Iraq directly to the attack, ’ it read, ‘any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq. ’ The letter also reminded Bush that ‘Israel has been and remains America’s staunchest ally against international terrorism. ’ In the 1 October issue of the Weekly Standard, Robert Kagan and William Kristol called for regime change in Iraq as soon as the Taliban was defeated. We guarantee the authenticity of your paper, whether it's an essay or a dissertation. ,,,,,,,,,, For the past several decades, and especially since the Six-Day War in 1967, the centrepiece of US Middle Eastern policy has been its relationship with Israel. Today, Brookings’s coverage is conducted through the Saban Center for Middle East Studies, which is financed by Haim Saban, an Israeli-American businessman and ardent Zionist. Second, it strives to ensure that public discourse portrays Israel in a positive light, by repeating myths about its founding and by promoting its point of view in policy debates. Although they make up fewer than 3 per cent of the population, they make large campaign donations to candidates from both parties.

Netanyahu did not follow their advice, but Feith, Perle and Wurmser were soon urging the Bush administration to pursue those same goals. For the most part, the individuals and groups that comprise it are only doing what other special interest groups do, but doing it very much better. Not all Jewish Americans are part of the Lobby, because Israel is not a salient issue for many of them. We have taken their country … We come from Israel, but two thousand years ago, and what is that to them? At about the same time, JINSA gave Wolfowitz its Henry M. Finally, when a French Jew was murdered in Paris last month by a Muslim gang, tens of thousands of demonstrators poured into the streets to condemn anti-semitism. In fact, Israel is a liability in the war on terror and the broader effort to deal with rogue states. ‘Terrorism’ is not a single adversary, but a tactic employed by a wide array of political groups.

Sharon offered a pro forma apology, but quickly joined forces with the Lobby to persuade the administration and the American people that the United States and Israel faced a common threat from terrorism. There are also Jewish senators and congressmen who work to ensure that US foreign policy supports Israel’s interests. Another source of the Lobby’s power is its use of pro-Israel congressional staffers. Because Jews were persecuted for centuries and could feel safe only in a Jewish homeland, many people now believe that Israel deserves special treatment from the United States. Both resolutions were drawn up with the help of the Lobby. Not surprisingly, Palestinian negotiators complained that they were ‘negotiating with two Israeli teams – one displaying an Israeli flag, and one an American flag’. The situation is even more pronounced in the Bush administration, whose ranks have included such fervent advocates of the Israeli cause as Elliot Abrams, John Bolton, Douglas Feith, I.

This was thanks in part to the Lobby’s efforts, but also to America’s initial victory in Afghanistan, which reduced the perceived need for Arab support in dealing with al-Qaida. As the journalist Gideon Levy observed at the time, ‘Israel is the only country in the West whose leaders support the war unreservedly and where no alternative opinion is voiced. ’ In fact, Israelis were so gung-ho that their allies in America told them to damp down their rhetoric, or it would look as if the war would be fought on Israel’s behalf. Within the US, the main driving force behind the war was a small band of neo-conservatives, many with ties to Likud. They backed Chalabi because he had established close ties with Jewish-American groups and had pledged to foster good relations with Israel once he gained power. Moreover, the US has provided Israel with nearly $3 billion to develop weapons systems, and given it access to such top-drawer weaponry as Blackhawk helicopters and F-16 jets. On close inspection, none of these arguments is persuasive. Bush knew that Israel’s actions would damage America’s image in the Islamic world and undermine the war on terrorism, so he demanded that Sharon ‘halt the incursions and begin withdrawal’. More important, along with Perle and Wurmser, he wrote the famous ‘Clean Break’ report in June 1996 for Netanyahu, who had just become prime minister. Ksgnotes1 harvard edu research wpaper nsf rwp.